A five paragraph essay is one with five paragraphs. This simply means that all the ideas of the chosen topic are organized to fit into just five paragraphs. It is made up of the introductory paragraph which contains a thesis statement.
This statement tells the general idea of the essay. For example if I were to write a sample five paragraph essay on examination malpractice in medical studies, the introduction could be "the problem of examination malpractice in medical studies is one that that has refused all the strategies adopted to eradicate it. This situation has caused a lot of problems for medical studies in all aspects."
The above introduction tells anyone what the essay is all about and at the same time hints on what to come in the following paragraphs: how examination malpractice has caused problems in Medical studies. The following paragraphs in a five paragraph essay then pick the points and then discuss them with supporting details, giving examples when necessary. Each of these paragraphs carries a topic sentence which is a summary of the idea in that particular paragraph.
For example, at the following paragraph I could say "children who involve themselves in examination malpractice grow up to be dangerous to the society" that is the topic sentence and it simply tell the reader what is to be discussed. I could go ahead and back it up by further explaining that "children who commit exam malpractice in school may cheat their way through school and pass their examinations probably at the top of their class, but when the time comes for them to practice they will have nothing to offer. They end up getting jobs and getting sacked from their jobs. Finally they end up jobless and may turn into high way robbers or gangsters.
The same applies for the other two paragraphs of a five paragraph essay. The details supporting the ideas should be linked and events should follow a logical order as seen above. The last stage of this sample five paragraph essay is the conclusion. The conclusion carries the thesis statement only paraphrased, and leaves the reader with something to remember. For example, the sample five paragraph essay could end in this manner" examination malpractice is not something anyone should involve in especially if that person wants to be great and well recognized in the future.
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